Voles | Des Moines, IA Vole Appearance Voles are small rodents that are between 3-8 inches long with a heavier set body than mice. Voles are commonly known as Meadow Mice or Field Mice. Voles have short legs and tails with body fur that can be brown or black in color. Vole Behavior and Diet Voles are very active creatures and are known to run around throughout the day and night. Similar to moles, voles typically live in burrows. However, voles' burrows are located on the ground's surface and hidden by storage buildings, debris or ground level decks. Though they prefer to burrow above ground, voles are also known to inhabit abandoned underground burrows left by moles. Voles typically live between 2-16 months. Their shorter lifespan is due in large part to the fact that they are preyed upon by owls, hawks, snakes, raccoons, and other common predatory animals. Vole Reproduction Voles breed throughout the entire year. However, spring and summer are the most common season for voles to reproduce. Females voles can have between 1-5 litters per year with each litter averaging anywhere from 3-6 babies. Signs of a Vole Infestation The easiest way to detect a vole infestation is to see these critters scurrying around your property. However, the second most obvious sign are their surface burrows and runways. Homeowners will know if they have an active infestation if the runways have vole droppings and cut vegetation throughout. Des Moines Pest Control Struggling with voles on your Des Moines property? If so, our team of pest professionals can take care of the issue quickly and efficiently. For fast and safe service, schedule an appointment with us online or give us a call at (515) 276-7277.